Famous Personalities of Kashmir, Historic Personalities

Kashmir, heaven on earth is rich in its cultural diversity and natural beauty. Nature has blessed Kashmir with wonderful mountains, mineral resources, dense vegetation cover, sweet water springs, crystal clean rivers and a temperate climate. Besides the natural beauty Kashmir has a magnificent history, great cultural heritage, vast cottage/handicraft industries and people do have simple and beautiful lifestyle. The common people of Kashmir in the 20th century mainly were good businessmen, artisans, craftsmen, farmers and there were other small occupations as well. Besides being the good workers the Kashmiri folk had a superior taste for music and literature. Some of the legendary poets, spiritual guides and artists are still so popular and sensational as if they are still alive. The beauty of their art and work shows the beauty and richness of Kashmir’s culture. Here are some of the most famous Personalities of Kashmir from past and present times who have shaped our society and culture. Let’s have a look:-

 

  • Sheikh Noor Ud Din Wali

Sheikh Noor Ud Din Wali is also known to Kashmiris as Nund Resh. The most famous name of the saint is Sheikh-Ul-Aalam. He was regarded as patron saint of Kashmiris. He was the founder of Reshi order of saints in Kashmir. Born in 779 AH at Qaimoh, Kulgam district of state. The Nund Reshi saw many changes in Kashmir mainly the conversion of people from Hindu to Muslim and such events made a great impact on his life and psychology, which later helped him become a great saint of Kashmir. He used his philosophy in the form of poetry to help people come closer to Islam and humanity. His poetry is called as Shrukhs. The Nund Reshi died in 842 AH. The shrine of this great saint is located in district Budgam which is named as Char-e-Sharief.

 

Famous Personalities of Kashmir

Famous Personalities of Kashmir

  • Shah-e-Hamadan

The Enlightenment of Islam came to Kashmir via saints who came from Central Asia and Persia in the early 8th century Hijri. Mir Syed Ali Hamadani was a saint of Kubrawi order and played a major role in spreading Islam in Kashmir. He got many titles in Kashmir such as “Shah-E-Hamadan”, “Amir-E-Kabir” and “Ali Sani”. He was born in Hamadan, Persia hence was titled as Hamadani. He came to Kashmir in 774 Hijri with the message of Islam and teachings of prophet Mohammad (S.A.W). During his first visit of 5 months, he held discussions and debates with scholars and Hindu priests. The second visit (781 H to 7784 H) accompanied by 700 missionaries laid the basis of Muslim society of Kashmir. These 700 missionaries preached Islam and uplifted the society by giving the skills of handicrafts and business thus established cottage industries in Kashmir. He died in 786 H, at the age of 71 in Sawad, Pakistan.

 

Famous Personalities of Kashmir

Famous Personalities of Kashmir

  • Lal Ded

Laleshwari, commonly known to the world as “Lal Ded” was the Kashmiri mystic of the Hindu school of philosophy. Born in 1320AD in a Pandith family where from she got educated. She got married at the age of 12, but the marriage didn’t last long, took “Sannyaas” and became a disciple of some Shaivite saint. She continued the mystic tradition of Hinduism in Kashmir. She had composed earliest forms of the Kashmiri poetry known as Vaakhs. The patron saint of Kashmir Nund Reshi was also influenced by Laleshwari and her poetry. These “Lal Vaakhs” are still remembered and said by the common elderly people of Kashmir. Lal Ded died in 1392AD. People used to call her by various names out of love which includes “Lal Arifah”, “Lala Didi”, “Lalla”, “Lal Yougeshwari” and “Lalishri”.

 

Famous Personalities of Kashmir

Famous Personalities of Kashmir

  • Habba Khatoon

Habba Khatoon, the “Nightingale of Kashmir” was born in Muslim family of Chandhara village near Pampore in 1554. She was an extremely beautiful lady with glow hence got the nickname “Zoon” (the moon), later she got famous by this name. After her marriage with Yousuf Shah Chak, she was called as Habba Khatoon. As Yousuf Shah Chak was the ruler of Kashmir and after their marriage she became popular. But, Zoon became a legendary figure in the valley due to songs which she sung after her divorce with the first husband and after the exile of her 2nd husband king Yousuf Shah Chak. Her songs were so sad and effective which made them popular in common people. Habba Khatoon spent her last days singing such songs in sorrow which are still sung today. She died in 1609 and her tomb lies near Athwajan on Jammu-Kashmir highway.

 

Famous Personalities of Kashmir

Famous Personalities of Kashmir

  • Sultan Zain Al Aabu’d Din

Sultan Gayas-Ud-Din Zain-Ul-Abidin was the eighth Sultan of Kashmir who ruled from 1420 to 1470 AD. He was known to his kingdom as “Bud Shah” (The Great King) and even today he is remembered by the same name Kashmir. Sultan led a simple life without any facilities from the royal treasures. He was a god fearing man and really worked for people and lived a life of common man. He was well educated and had a good hold on Persian, Sanskrit and Tibetan languages. He was known for his religious tolerance. No tribute can repay the debt Kashmir awes to him forever.

 

Famous Personalities of Kashmir

Famous Personalities of Kashmir

  • Maulana Anwar shah Kashmiri

Anwar Shah Kashmiri was born in a Syed family and his father Moazzam Ali Shah taught him Quran. At the age of 17, he got the certificate of Hadith. After graduating from Darul Uloom Deoband, he started teaching in a madrasah in Delhi and finally went to Kashmir in 1903, where he started a new Madrasa Faiz-e-Aam. He continued teaching and nourishing the students in Kashmir until his death on 28 May 1933.

 

Famous Personalities of Kashmir

Famous Personalities of Kashmir

  • Mahjoor

Mahjoor is the pen name of Peerzada Ghulam Ahmad, a great poet of Kashmir. Born on 11 August 1887 at Mitrigam, Pulwama district of the state. During the time of his education, Mahjoor fallowed footsteps of his father, who was a scholar of Persian literature. Got primary education from Maktab in Tral under the guidance of famous poet of that time Aashiq Trali. After primary education, he went to Punjab and met famous Urdu poets like Shibli Nomani and Bismil Amrisari. After completing his studies he returned to Srinagar in 1908. He worked as regional administrator (Pathwari) in Kashmir. Meanwhile, he started writing in Kashmiri, Urdu and Persian thus earned a name “shayir-e-Kashmir”. Mahjoor is recognized for the revolution he brought in Nazam and Ghazal. Mahjoor died on 9 April 1952 at the age of 66 and is buried near Habba Khatoon’s grave near Athwajan (J&K).

 

Famous Personalities of Kashmir

Famous Personalities of Kashmir

This was all about famous personalities of Kashmir. Stay tuned to Ecstatic Trends.

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